IDN Numbers

Total number of IDNs since 2009. Chart includes both top and second level IDN registrations . . .

Growth is strong in second level between 2015-2016. Nearly all the growth during that . . .

Three-quarters of IDN registrations are at the second level; one quarter at the top . . .

IDNs in ccTLDs have grown strongly between 2015-2016. Nearly all of that growth is . . .

Top 20 IDN spaces as at December 2016.  Chart includes both top level and second . . .

More than half of the top 20 are ccTLDs at the second level . . .

Chinese (Han) script TLDs dominate the top 10. However, the Russian ccTLD, .РФ continues to be . . .

Annual growth rate of IDNs compared with all (ASCII) domain names.
In earlier years (2009 . . .

Cumulative number of IDN launches, both at top and second level, since 2000.  Chart shows . . .

IDNs and linguistic diversity

There is a close relationship between the script of IDN and the language of web . . .

IDNs are associated with greater linguistic diversity in website content, compared with traditional (ASCII) domain . . .

.eu IDNs

Latin script represents 88% of IDNs in the .eu namespace.  The new .ею TLD gives an . . .

This chart tracks the rate of .eu IDNs with redirects and active websites from 2013 . . .

Bulgarian is the most popular language of the Cyrillic script .ею domain names . . .

An array of European languages are associated with Latin script .eu IDNs at the second . . .

While English is the most popular language of Greek script .eu IDNs, Greek comprises 35 . . .

While English is the most popular website language for .eu IDNs in Cyrillic script (second . . .

Use of IDNs

A domain name must have active name servers in order to support services such as . . .

From our sample of 2.4 million IDNs, we categorised the status of each domain . . .

Our sample of 2.4 million IDNs contains approximately 2 million second level IDNs (including . . .

From our sample of 2.4 million IDNs, we reviewed the language of any web . . .

From our sample of 2.4 million IDNs, we reviewed the language of any web . . .

From our sample of 2 million second level IDNs, we have reviewed the rate of . . .

From our sample of 400 000 top level IDNs, we have reviewed the rate of . . .

IDNs by Script

Nearly half of second level domains are in Han script, thanks to 400% growth in . . .

Han and Cyrillic scripts represent more than 90% of top level IDNs . . .

Three scripts comprise 90% of IDN registrations: Han, Latin and Cyrillic script. During 2016, Han . . .

Industry Opinions

Registry opinions on how uptake of IDNs compares with their expectations . . .

Registry opinions on how well registrars support IDNs, compared with registry expectations . . .

How would you rate end user awareness of IDNs? 0 = below expectations, 5 = exceeds expectations . . .

Each year we ask our industry experts to identify ‘What single change would improve IDN . . .