The map above shows the dominant script of IDNs by country or territory.  To measure this, the research team relied on two sources of data. For gTLDs, the information was obtained through analysis of the open zone files.  The results reflect the country which corresponds to the ‘A records’ associated with each IDN domain.  For ccTLDs, the information was obtained through our regular annual surveys.

Where a single script accounts for 80% or more of the IDNs in a country or territory, that script is identified on the map.  If no single script accounts for 80% of the IDNs in that country or territory, it is marked as ‘mixed’.  In some cases, the results are more ‘mixed’ than others.  For example, in the UK and Spain, more than 70% of IDNs are in Latin script, whereas in the United States, the pattern is more evenly spread, with the world’s major scripts performing strongly (the most commonly occurring script in US IDNs being Han).